Common Pigeon Diseases

Common Pigeon Diseases

Pigeons are among the most popular pet species. They, like doves, are short-legged large-bodied birds all over the world, both in the wild as well as in our home. As pet owners, we tend for all their needs as well as treating a myriad of illnesses that they might develop. These illnesses can trigger a number of symptoms that include diarrhea, breathing issues, or even death.

Pigeon Canker

It is caused by small protozoan-like organism that generally causes breathing issues.  It is a disease that can be easily transferred between birds, however, fortunately, it’s not able to live without a bird’s presence for longer than a couple of minutes. Birds Of Virginia Pigeons spread canker to other pigeons as they share their water bowls, display billing to other adult pigeons, or feed young pigeons with crop milk ( it is a semi-solid liquid that is a crumbly substance rich in protein and fat).

The bacterium that causes canker can be present in the bird’s crop throat, the throat, bile duct proventriculus, cloaca or in other areas in the digestive tract. The canker nodules may be seen on the navel of nesting pigeons or inside the sinuses of pigeons. The symptoms of canker can differ depending on which body part it is located, however because it is most frequently affecting the throat, a majority of birds will experience breathing problems because of the nodules found on the tonsils. Other signs of canker in addition to the visible nodules and breathing problems, include diarrhea as well as weight loss, lethargy and mouth bleeding and the cloaca. The symptoms can become more severe if the disease is not treated. Canker could cause death.

Pigeon Worms

As with other species of birds, pigeons are able to be a host to worms of different kinds within their digestive tract. Roundworms and tapeworms, as well as hairworms, develop and reside in the digestive tracts of pigeons. They can cause weakness, diarrhea and a higher susceptibility to illnesses, and performance issues for pigeons that compete. Sometimes, you may see worms found in the feces of the pigeon, but usually, eggs are detected in a microscopic inspection of the droppings.

Pigeons are prone to catching worms due to eating insects as well as ingesting parasite-infested droppings of other birds, so it isn’t easy to stop your pigeon from contracting worms. Regular examinations of microscopic detail of your bird’s droppings are suggested to check for parasites. Treatment involves medicine that, as with other pigeon medicines can be added to water or administered by mouth in a Syringe.

Pigeon Coccidia

As with worms, the Coccidia is an intestinal protozoan that is present in pigeons, as well as other species of animals. It causes diarrhea, decreased nutrient absorption, fatigue, along with weight loss. Coccidia can easily be transmitted between pigeons and pigeons as they ingest infected wastes and is typically seen in tiny, acceptable quantities in the majority of lofts of pigeons. If a pigeon acts normal and only a tiny amount of coccidia is detected, however, it’s not usually addressed. 3

Coccidia is an extremely microscopic bacterium which means that you will not be able see it with a microscope, consequently, regular fecal exams by your veterinarian are recommended to be sure that the pigeon you are looking after does not contain a large amount of coccidia. Although small amounts of protozoan causing it to be acceptable, however if your pet has loose droppings and coccidia (the most frequent sign of Coccidia) or any other symptoms you should consider a prescription to cure the condition.

Pigeon Hexamita

Akin to the protozoan responsible for canker in pigeons. This organism can also be found in the intestines of Pigeons. It is a good thing that Hexamita does not seem as dangerous for most birds as canker, but it is still advised to treat a bird who has been diagnosed with it. All Birds Lay Eggs The organism is located in feces microscopically and is frequently confused with canker because of the similarity of appearance. It may lead to vomiting, weight loss and bloody diarrhea when it is overpopulated in the pigeon’s digestive tract. However, it is not usually noticed in normal birds.

Pigeon Lice, Mites, and Flies

External parasites such as lice, and mites, as well as insects like flies, can be a major nuisance for your pet bird, the pigeon. 4 These irritating pests don’t just cause irritation and bites to your bird but be a source of more serious harm like bleeding or introducing diseases to your bird. A scaly appearance on the featherless areas of your pet pigeon, small hole in feather shafts, and the itchy appearance of birds are all indications that external parasites are present. Based on the kind of parasite the sprays with medicated ingredients are usually applied to a pigeon that is suffering from the disease.

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